Online Maghreb-Arab Social Movements and Facebook: ab 54.9 EURO A Case Study of Morocco Egypt and Tunisia
Facebook from Socializing to Advertising. An empirical study on the effect of Facebook as advertising tool in Egypt ab 13.99 EURO 1. Auflage
Preceding the political turmoils in Moldova and Iran and much before the Facebook revolution of Egypt, Kashmir saw its own revolution,armed with social media purely aimed against the Indian rule in Kashmir. The people of Indian Administered Kashmir utilized social media to the fullest of its extent in terms of mobilizing the society and disseminating information relating to state oppression.The state got provoked and resorted to various techniques to check and control the social media. The techniques also included detention,harassment and arrests of not only the adults but also children who allegedly were inciting violence through social network. The Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act (JKPSA) one of the draconian laws functioning in Kashmir provides the legal justification for the State to harasses people including the young ones of Kashmir.The book traces the case of Faizan, a victim of the flawed juvenile justice system of Kashmir. Faizan s case is the first ever in which social media played an important role in shaping the situation ideal for his release. Unfortunately many other like Faizan don t share the same fate and continue to suffer at the hands of the Indian state.
There has been a long debate over the role of social media in Arab spring. Many of the analysts call it a fad that will fade down with the passage of time while others call it a medium that can revolutionize societies and its system. Therefore, the researcher aimed to study the role of social media in Egypt uprising till the downfall of Hosni Mubarak regime by directly contacting the internet users in Egypt. The study has three broad premises, to examine the effectiveness of social media as a medium in galvanizing people and bringing change at a massive level, to verify the media reports and analyze the impact of social media on individuals and lastly, to compare its role with that of traditional media and assess which social medium among Facebook, twitter and YouTube helped the most during the uprising. If you re still bewildered regarding the role of social media, in quest of a complete timeline with facts and keen to have an insight about the perspective of Egyptians, this book is a must-read. Meet the real drivers of the uprising!
With the fall of the regimes in Tunisia and Egypt the term Facebook Revolution was coined depicting the world s most popular social media platform as a condition sine qua non for the Arab revolutions. Moving on from the extreme positions of cyber-utopians and pessimists, this study identifies and analyses mechanisms of use and potential intermediary effects of social media in connection with other driving factors of mass demonstrations that led to the fall of the Mubarak regime in early 2011. Semi-structured focus interviews were carried out with social media activists in Cairo between November 20th and 24th, 2011. The qualitative content analysis of eight interviews allowed for the identification of relevant categories and sub-categories as well as possible connections between them. Additionally, a thorough analysis of the Egyptian socio-economic, political and media system in the years leading up to the revolution provides the basis for valuable and contextual conclusions. Among the key findings is the accelerating effect of social media in mobilizing the Egyptian population to take part in mass demonstrations. Whereas the organizational function is limited to online network effects rather than facilitating the coordination of protesters on the ground, a significant impact of social media on the perception of a collective identity and threshold levels relevant for individual protest behavior was identified through this research. Moreover, the findings implicate a mutual dependency between new social media and traditional mass media.
This study engages with the recent Maghreb-Arab social movements in Morocco, Tunisia, and Egypt in light of their use of Facebook. It primarily explores and analyzes the discourse of these online social movements in order to identify and define the constituting thematic ideas and concepts giving meaning to the experiences of these movements. More particularly, this study achieves four basic objectives. First, it lays bare the major themes and concepts motivating the discourse of these online social movements. Second, it accounts for the socio-cultural conditions under which these movements were born. Third, the study defines the major sites of struggle to which these movements try to direct attention. It defines the domains of concern with which these movements are engaged in order to identify the issues of importance which mostly shape the discussion of these movements. Finally, this study also draws lines of comparison among the three concerned social movements so as to define the common aspects which underpin their discourse.
The Arab Spring was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across much of the Islamic world in the early 2010s. It began in response to oppressive regimes and a low standard of living, starting with protests in Tunisia. In the news, social media has been heralded as the driving force behind the swift spread of revolution throughout the world, as new protests appear in response to success stories shared from those taking place in other countries. In many countries, the governments have also recognized the importance of social media for organizing and have shut down certain sites or blocked Internet service entirely, especially in the times preceding a major rally. Governments have also scrutinized or suppressed discussion in those forums through accusing content creators of unrelated crimes or shutting down communication on specific sites or groups, such as through Facebook. The effects of the Tunisian Revolution spread strongly to five other countries: Libya, Egypt, Yemen, Syria, and Bahrain.
There is an increasing rise in the popularity of electronic media, especially Facebook and YouTube in the Arab world, and in Egypt in particular. This reflects an important indication of the growing influence of Facebook and YouTube on the Egyptian society and on Egypt s political stream. The purpose of this study is to answer the main research question, which is to what extent does electronic media affect public policy making in Egypt, with regards to three cases studies. They include the Egyptian/Algerian football conflict, as a result of a soccer match qualifying the winning team to the World Cup 2010, the face-veil controversy, banning women wearing the face-veil to enter public university examinations, and the Fair Access Policy limiting Internet download for DSL and ADSL subscribers. The objective is to determine whether electronic media has the power to mobilize public opinion towards a certain cause, which may then affect government action. This would allow us to realize first the power and influence of mainstream media, followed by electronic media, and the factors that affect Egypt s policy making decisions.
Seminar paper from the year 2012 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 13, , language: English, abstract: The London riots in 2011 hit England very hard. They came up at a time when only a few people, like social workers or some politicians, were suspecting the chance of trouble among the population. The year 2011 has changed the world and its history completely with the uprisings in Arabia, called 'The Arabian Spring'. One year before nobody would have thought that regimes like in Egypt, Tunisia or Libya will be toppled out of power within only a few months. Starting in Tunisia and spreading over to Egypt, caused by the suicide of a man, revolutions broke out. Many opinion writers compared the uprisings in the Arabian world with the ones in London and all over England in 2011. They compared it, because the riots came up so spontaneously, on the one hand in Tunisia with the suicide of a young man and on the other hand in London with the shooting of a young man by the police . The exact reasons will be explained below. Many saw the riots as a wake-up call of a lost generation, of those who are rejected from mainstream British society. This rejection formed a powder keg over several years that exploded when the riots took place. More than in the Arabian Spring the London riots became a part of a long line of expressions of social unhappiness in the Western European societies, like in France. All those countries have introduced welfare systems to care for their populations. But despite centuries of effort they have not been able to solve the problems. Like in London there was action in Paris, the capital of France, too. Thousands were protesting against social cuts and a perceived lack of future. Like in London cars were burning, stores were smashed and violence ruled on the streets . This examples show that there are differences between the riots. On the one hand there have been revolutions against repression and the willing of millions to give their lives if necessary for freedom . On the other hand protests and actions caused by social unhappiness. But they had one thing in common: The leading role of the social media to keep the uprisings running. Facebook, Twitter, the Black Berry Messenger Service and other social media hand over the chance to the protesters to organize and plan the coming demonstrations or like in London: new lootings.